Gustave Moynier is rumoured to have invented the International Criminal Court of Justice. True? Not really, but read on and you’ll also find out who Gustave Moynier was.
The historian Mark Mazower concluded in his recent book that “we have moved from an era that had faith in the idea of international institutions to one that has lost it.” He examines the nineteenth century as a starting point to the evolution of our present day international institutions, but largely omits the International Criminal Court (ICC). However, it is the successfully operating institution of the ICC that could turn his conclusion around. But where did this all start and how did this mentioned ‘era of faith’, the nineteenth century, figure in the history of the ICC?